As most people know, pearls are the product of nacre secreted by the mollusk to protect it self from foreign object inside. Perfection, symmetry and polish, each serves to establish its value and category to be the result of a natural process.
In the ancient times the valuable and rare breads served as a way of payment, granting to those with the biggest size, with the most uniform colour and the closest to the perfect sphere, the greatest value. The multiple layers of nacre of which the pearls are made of give it its particular depth and unique iridescence.
What is not so well known are the different types of pearls in the world. Here you have a selection of the most important pearls which will help to guide you to buy your perfect jewellery:
The Australian: is a cultured pearl in salted water in the open sea of northern Australia, Indonesia and the Philippines. The colour of the Australian pearl ranges from white to black. It has a silver and gold iridescence and usually has a medium or high gloss. Its size starts from 9,5mm and has a minimum cultivation time of 3 years.
Tahitian Pearl: is cultivated in warm and salted waters of French Polynesian sea. It may be of different colours: grey, green, orange, gold, blue and black. The mollusk that produces them is called “Black Lips” and the characteristics and cultivation time are similar to the Australian pearl.
Akoya or Japanese pearl: is cultivated in salted water in the open sea of Japan. It has a round, symmetrical shape and is very bright. The small mollusk produces pearls of up to 11mm. The Japanese were the initiators of the controlled cultivation technique in the open sea; these pearls are considered to have the highest quality and are currently in short supply due to the devastating effects of the tsunami and the unexpected change of the water temperature which was the reason of the dying of the mollusks and the consequent loss of crops.
Freshwater or sweet-water pearl: are natural pearls which are cultivated in sweet waters, mainly in rivers or lakes in China. The process would be much more comparable to the controlled production of a fish farm. With the care of the mollusks and the quality control of the water and the nutrients provided, crops are achieved in less time and different qualities. Pearls are cultivated in different tones: grey, blue, pink, white, cream,… and all kinds of sizes and shapes.
Keshi Pearl: Keishi is the name of a wild pearl which is produced of a mollusk in the natural way. This hard spherical pearl usually has an exceptional quality, much higher than the cultivated pearls.Its scarcity and polish make them searched and prized as it is considered always as unique.
The unique character of the pearl make a necklace or a jewel very special, beside the elegance it brings with it, the smoothness to the skin and the huge range of possibilities given to the jeweller to create their shapes, sizes and colours.
Zapata Jewellers, pearl specialists, we are looking at its origins and transform them to offer you the pearl that you like and makes you feel special.